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Pekon Hospital Bombing

May 2nd, 2023  •  Author:   Myanmar Witness  •  2 minute read
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An airstrike impacting a medical facility and IDP camp allegedly resulted in the injury of civilians

Key Event Details

  • Location of Incident: Hsawng Phwe Hospital (ဆောင်းဖွေးဆေးရုံ), Pekon Township (ဖယ်ခုံမြို့နယ်), Shan State (ရှမ်းပြည်နယ်) [19.669828, 96.889449]

  • Date/Time of Incident: 

  • 25 April 2023 around 1300 local time

  • Alleged Perpetrator(s) and/or Involvement:

  • Myanmar Air Force (MAF)

  • Summary of Investigation:

  • On 25 April 2023, reportedly around 1300 local time, there were claims of an airstrike in Pekon that affected a local hospital and a nearby internally-displaced people (IDP) camp.

  • Myanmar Witness verified damage to a medical facility, including damage consistent with an possible air attack.

  • Pro and anti-military media appear to agree that the military attacked the area, however pro-military sources claim that the attack took place due to People’s Defence Force (PDF) personnel hiding in the area.

  • Myanmar Witness also verified one injured individual in a nearby IDP camp.


According to multiple pro-democracy news sources, including Khit Thit Media and MeKong News, the Myanmar military are alleged to have conducted an airstrike close to Hsawng Phwe Hospital, a medical facility in southern Shan state. The attack allegedly impacted civilians in the area, injuring three people including a nurse.

Radio Free Asia has claimed that a military Mi-35 attack helicopter was responsible for the damage, but local Karenni Nationalities Defense Force (KNDF) media stated that a fighter jet was used. People Media, a pro-military media outlet, states that the airstrike was conducted because local PDF and Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP) members were present at this location. Myanmar Witness has been unable to verify this claim, but has verified damage to a medical facility in the area and at least one injured individual in a nearby IDP camp. The attack represents a steady escalation in the use of air power against civilians that has been addressed in the recent report Eyes on the Skies, and is being actively monitored by Myanmar Witness.

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