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The Burma Army Burns More Villages it Cannot Control in Northern Burma, July – September 2023

November 11th, 2023  •  Author:   Free Burma Rangers  •  57 minute read
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11 November 2023

Kachin, Northern Shan, Sagaing, Mandalay Regions, Burma

The Burma Army continued its offensives into Northern Burma and attacks on civilian areas to prevent the loss of key logistical and economic corridors. The Burma Army used ground attacks, artillery, mortars, airstrikes, and naval reinforcement to conduct “clearance” operations and destroy villages along these notable land and naval routes. The three most contested areas during this period include the logistical routes from Mandalay to Myitkyina, the trade highway from Lashio to Muse that connects Burma to China, and the highly lucrative Hpakant jade mine.

Conflict activity along the Mandalay-Myitkyina corridors accounted for half of the overall reported activity as the Burma Army struggled to secure its land routes into Kachin and conduct offensive operations. The Burma Army and associated proxy forces burned or destroyed 11 villages along the Irrawaddy River in the midst of fighting the with Kachin Independence Army (KIA), Kachin People’s Defense Forces (KPDF), and Arakan Army (AA). All these villages are located in relative proximity in Shwegu and Katha townships and include the villages of Indinyent, Hting Ga, Bo Kung, Chawng Wa, Inn Dayan, Yawa Ta Ya, Chyauk Htung Gyi, Zin Bung, Mya Le, Ban Bwe Kung, and Moe Sit. Light Infantry Division (88) particularly had an active role in the village destruction along this corridor and also played a key part in the offensive that destroyed 11 villages in the March-May hot season offensive of this year.

The destruction of villages along the Irrawaddy is likely connected to the attacks on Burma Army river transport boats by the KIA and KPDF. Resistance forces have significantly attritted and blocked the Burma Army moving along the NH31 and NH43 highways to Bhamo and Myitkyina through the use of ambushes and Improvised Explosive Device (IED) attacks. It appears the Burma Army has shifted strategy to prioritize river transport for troops and supplies, particularly during the rainy season when air and ground transport are typically not as reliable.

A quarter of the conflict activity during this period in Northern Burma occurred along the Lashio-Muse NH3 Highway. This corridor is frequently the target of Burma Army artillery, mortar, and air strikes on resistance forces. The NH3 highway is one of only four main trade routes that connect Burma to China and serves as a major logistical artery for the Burma Army into Northern Shan State. The Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) have joined the KIA and KPDF in defending these areas from Burma Army ground attacks and they have all degraded the Burma Army’s freedom to move troops and supplies.

The Burma Army regularly responds to resistance attacks through the use of torture and extrajudicial killings. In one example, on 31 July in Muse Township, locals found the charred bodies of two men, reportedly abducted and tortured by the Burma Army, who were found at the grave of another man killed by the Burma military.

Hpakant jade mine conflict activity remains consistent as the Burma Army seeks to maintain its main mining revenue stream. The Hpakant jade industry supplies the military regime with billions of dollars annually since it is the largest jade mine in the world. Burma Army control over these jade mines continues to be contested, as the KIA seized Katsen Bum Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) 119 Outpost on August 7th. The Burma Army generally limits air strikes in this area, possibly to prevent damage to mining infrastructure and disruption to mining operations.

The Burma Army continues to conduct retaliatory attacks on civilians as it loses its ability to secure its outposts and key lines of transport. For example, Burma Army soldiers from IB 76 executed a prisoner of war at Yuma Village on August 16th. In another instance, the Burma Army seized 23 civilians over three separate events—12 civilians were released but one civilian was beaten to death, likely because the Burma Army either suspected the civilians of having ties to the resistance or it was punishing the villagers for resistance attacks on Burma Army.

The Burma Army has been losing ground and route access in Northern Burma since the coup, albeit at a gradual pace. The Burma Army will likely prioritize keeping its logistical lines open with strategic combat divisions such as the Light Infantry Divisions and as well as artillery strikes and airstrikes. Nevertheless, the Burma Army is fighting a losing battle, and will probably increase the scale and severity of attacks on civilians and villages as it suffers more battlefield setbacks and loses control in the region.

Thank you all for praying for the people of Burma. We pray that the hearts of the dictators in the military will change and if they don’t, that they will fail and that our friends can survive and thrive.

Below includes conflict-related reports from the Kachin Inpendence Army and Kachin Free Burma Rangers:

Kachin State

Bhamo Township

On July 8, 2023, between 1930-2000 hours, LIB (437) fired three rounds of 81mm mortar at Awng Lawng Pa, Hkuli village, in Manmaw (Bhamo) Township.

On August 9, 2023, at 1600 hours, a Burma Army soldier from IB (236) was stealing property from the house of a businessman from Manmaw Wanjak Kawng and was arrested by nearby residents. The thief was taken by the police and later handed over to IB (236), in Bhamo Township.

On August 16, 2023, at 1415 hours, a clash broke out after KPDF from 5th and 12th Battalions fired at Burma Army ships moving from Sin Hkan, leaving multiple Burma Army soldiers dead.

On August 18, 2023, at 0730 hours, Burma Army soldiers from LIB (319, 601) stationed at Maw Seng Bum fired 30 rounds of 120mm mortar towards Kawng Dung, Mya Le where KIA soldiers were present, in Bhamo Township.

On August 18, 2023, at 0730 hours, Burma Army soldiers from LIB (319, 601) stationed at Maw Seng Bum fired 120mm mortar towards the outskirts of Za Badi village where KIA were present, in Bhamo Township.

On August 18, 2023, between 1030-1230 hours, fighting broke out when over 80 Burma Army soldiers from IBs (77, 121) and LIB (319) came on foot from Sin Hkan were attacked at a railroad on the outskirts of Mya Le village by KIA soldiers. A jet fighter came from Tada Oo dropped six bombs and strafed with a machine gun at 1300 hours.

On August 18, 2023, at 1615 hours, Burma Army soldiers set fire to buildings in Mya Le village.

On August 28, 2023, between 1450-1505 hours, a clash broke out when an estimated 60 Burma Army soldiers in five military trucks came from Manmaw were attacked outside of Ma-U Pin village by KIA soldiers from 3rd Battalion. The Burma Army troops were patrolling around Ma-U Pin village, in Bhamo Township.

On August 28, 2023, Burma Army troops who came from Manmaw in a convoy of 26 military trucks were fired on with ten rounds of grenade launcher by KIA’s militiamen, leaving three Burma Army soldiers dead and seven others wounded, in Bhamo Township.

On September 2, 2023, at 1740 hours, five 105mm howitzer rounds were fired from Artillery Unit (364)’s position. One shell landed near Ngapyaw Taw village and three shells landed near Mante Hpara Kawng, wounding a child in the thigh and another child on the head. The final shell landed behind Pa Pawng – Mya Sedi village, in Bhamo Township.

On September 3, 2023, at 0540 hours, two 105mm howitzer rounds were fired from Artillery Unit (364) Base, landing at 200 meters from a house of village administrator at Kyun Gyi village, wounding a man and a child.

Chipwi Township

On September 7, 2023, at 1100 hours, IB (29) stationed at Maling Bum between BP-5 and BP-6 fired small arms 40 times at KIA Zi Un Post, in Chipwi Township.

Hpakant Township

On August 7, 2023, at 0610 hours, LIB (119) stationed at Ta Mahkan village indiscriminately fired 15 60mm mortar rounds, leaving two civilians wounded, in Hpakant Township.

On August 7, 2023, at 0540 hours, KIA soldiers from 9th Brigade attacked Katsen Bum LIB (119) outpost. At 0835 hours, KIA soldiers captured the outpost, in Hpakant Township. Due to the clashes, a total of 54 people fled to Gwi Hka village.

On August 7, 2023, between 1130-1600 hours, SNA PTTs stationed at Panse village fired 22 rounds of 60mm mortar to the outskirts of Nam Kaw Da village.

On August 8, 2023, at 1130 hours, a KIA soldier was arrested after he was caught with some military-related photos seen on his phone at Malang Tu Kawng PTTs checkpoint, Jahtu Zup village.

On August 9, 2023, at 1030 hours, around 30 Jahtu Zup PTTs in five cars carried out extensive checks on people going to and from between Sanpya Gate and Lawt Ja. Between 1310-1325 hours, the PTTs dropped four bombs from a drone at the house of Mr. Lahpai Zau Bawk, leaving a cow shed on fire, in Hpakant Township.

On August 9, 2023, at 1920 hours, one jet came from Tada Oo dropped two bombs at KIA 6th Battalion HQ between 2000-2007 hours, in Hpakant Township.

On August 12, 2023, at 1700 hours, LIB (111) stationed at Gwi Hka village fired one 60mm mortar round to the area beside Nrawng Kawng, in Hpakant Township.

On August 16, 2023, SNA forces extorted money Ks-100,000 from civilians who pilot engine boats on the Uru Hka waterway near Nan Taw and Naung Po Aung villages, in Hpakant Township.

On August 16, 2023, Burma Army soldiers from IB (76) drove a prisoner of war to the outskirts of Yuma village, took him out of the car, and shot him dead, in Hpakant Township.

On August 18, 2023, at 1430 hours, Captain Sai Pan from SNA stationed at Than Yaw Zin Kung village spoke to the Nam Buk villagers over the phone that the SNA would shell the village if the villagers didn’t “come” when the SNA called, in Hpakant Township.

On August 21, 2023, at 0810 hours, around 100 Burma Army soldiers led by Lt. Col. San Win from LIB (12) passed through Ma-U Pin Hka Madim (Ma-U Pin Dam) and were attacked with three IEDs detonating at the foot of a bridge, located at the head of Ma-U Pin village by KIA soldiers from 44th Battalion, leaving four (Burma Army) soldiers wounded. At 1115 hours, the clashes broke out between KIA soldiers and Burma Army soldiers along Pa Hkem Bum. At 1130 hours, the clashes continued along Nlung Dup PTTs checkpoint (a deserted checkpoint), leaving one KIA soldier and two Burma Army soldiers dead and 12 other (Burma Army) soldiers wounded, in Hpakant Township.

On August 21, 2023, at 1500 hours, some villagers from Ma-U Pin were taking refuge at a Loi Seng church due to the arrivals of the Burma Army troops, in Hpakant Township.

On August 24, 2023, 15 civilians from Namya KBC Church were detained by LIB (12), in Hpakant Township. Twelve of them were released at 1430 hours on August 28, but the other three were still being held.

On August 25, 2023, at 0400 hours, No. 501 Artillery Unit stationed at Hpakant Tatma Kawng (Division Base) fired two 120mm mortar rounds to the area beside Nam Tin stream, in Hpakant Township.

On August 28, 2023, at 1700 hours, combined forces from Kamaing Base and PTTs  arrested an 18-year-old Kachin boy for having a photo on his phone of him training in the area of KIA 44th Battalion, in Hpakant Township.

On August 29, 2023, at 0550 hours, around 90 Burma Army soldiers from LIB (12) who were patrolling around their Namtin Base were attacked with five IEDs Namtin village by KIA soldiers from 9th Brigade, leaving four Burma Army soldiers (including an officer) wounded, in Hpakant Township.

On August 29, 2023, between 1315-1330 hours, in Hpakant Township, Sanpya PTTs dropped three bombs at three motorcycles of the civilians who were traveling to Wara Zup.

On August 30, 2023, at 1550 hours, LIB (119) based at Ta Mahkan village fired two 81mm mortar rounds to the area beside worship hill, in Hpakant Township.

On August 30, 2023, at 1550 hours, LIB (119) based at Ta Mahkan village fired two 81mm mortar rounds next to the worship hill, in Hpakant Township.

On September 2, 2023, at 1933 hours, three 120mm mortar rounds were fired from Burma Army Ginsi Byuha (Tactical Base) to the area beside Uru Hkahku, in Hpakant Township.

On September 7, 2023, between 0800-1015 hours, fighting broke out when an estimated 70 combined Burma Army soldiers of Kawlin Bases LIBs (111, 120) appeared around the jungle near paddy terrain, to the east of Mawlu, Nyawng Pin Tar and Sin Pin villages – where combined forces of KIA and KPDF were present, leaving eight Burma Army soldiers dead and over ten others wounded, in Hpakant Township.

On September 8, 2023, at 0040 hours, around ten Burma Army soldiers from IB (76) in a Mark-II car and in a 4WD car heading to San Chyoi from Hpa Pyin – Mana Maw road intersections were attacked with two IEDs by combined forces of KIA and KPDF, leaving the Mark II destroyed. The Burma Army soldiers got into the 4WD car and drove to San Chyoi, in Hpakant Township.

On September 10, 2023, between 0500-0600 hours, fighting broke out when around 40 Burma Army soldiers from LIB (119) who came from Ta Mahkan village advanced on three separate sides toward a KIA 26th Battalion’s position, in Hpakant Township.

On September 12, 2023, at 0115 hours, two 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Kamaing Byuha Kawng (Tactical Base) that landed along Kamaing – Lawa road intersections and Nawng San village, in Hpakant Township.

On September 12, 2023, at 0212 hours, Burma Army soldiers from IB (76) stationed at Le Pyin Gunpowder Base fired two rounds of 81mm mortar, landing behind Hpakant 5-Mile road, in Hpakant Township.

On September 12, 2023, at 2359 hours, five 60mm mortar rounds were fired from LIB (120) based at Nam Ya village to the area beside Gawlu Yang village, in Hpakant Township.

On September 12, 2023, an estimated 80 Burma Army soldiers arrived at Mai Nawng monastery and were attacked with an IED and grenade launchers by KIA’s militiamen from 6th Battalion, leaving eight Burma Army soldiers wounded. The Burma Army troops responded with small arms and 60mm mortar fire, in Hpakant Township.

On September 20, 2023, at 1230 hours, KPDF fired three rounds of 79mm at police forces from No.4 Police Base inquiring people going to and from at Maw Wan Tin bridge, leaving one person dead and five others wounded, in Hpakant Township.

On September 20, 2023, at 1430 hours, KPDF hurled a grenade at ten police forces being present in front of Pan Tin Police Base, leaving two dead and seven others wounded, in Hpakant Township.

On September 21, 2023, at 1730 hours, four police from No.30 Special Police Base stationed at Seng Tawng Quarter (1) came by a van car were attacked by KIA soldiers from 6th Battalion, leaving a police sergeant dead and the rest (three) wounded, in Hpakant Township.

On September 25, 2023, at 0400 hours, combined forces of KIA and KPDF raided Burma Army’s Military Security Affairs Office, based at Seng Tawng Quarter (4). All the staff ran away, in Hpakant Township.

On September 26, 2023, at 0948 hours, patrolling KIA soldiers had a chance contact with around 30 combined Burma Army soldiers of IB (76) and LIB (12) who came from Le Pyin Gunpowder Base, in Hpakant Township.

Injangyang Township

On September 22, 2023, Burma Army soldiers came on foot from Tang Hpre and were attacked with an IED, RPG, and grenade launchers at 1830 hours by KIA soldiers from 4th Battalion, leaving six Burma Army soldiers dead and numbers of soldiers wounded, in Injangyang Township.

Mansi Township

On July 3, 2023, at 1735 hours, KIA soldiers from 47th Battalion dropped a bomb from a drone and fired twenty rounds of grenade launchers at Burma Army soldiers along Hkaya crossroad. The Burma Army soldiers returned fire with small arms and automatic weapons, in Mansi Township.

Mogoung Township

On August 19, 2023, at 1200 hours, three civilians were arrested by Burma Army soldiers while working in the paddy at Dashi Pa near Dum Bung village, in Mogaung Township.

On August 19, 2023, at 1515 hours, a military truck from IB (74) Base was attacked at Than Lwe Guesthouse crossroads near Mogoung No.1 High School by PDF on motorcycles, leaving two Burma Army soldiers dead, in Mogoung Township.

On August 27, 2023, Burma Army IB (74) took away a family consisting of a father, mother, and three children who were residing at Mogaung Nat Ji Kung. The Burma Army soldiers beat the father to death during questioning, in Mogaung Township.

On September 3, 2023, at 1320 hours, around 40 combined Burma Army soldiers of LIBs (381, 382) under MOC (3) and IB (74) under Northern Command destroyed a couple’s fuel pump with a backhoe, at Hpuchit Kung village. The couple was taken to MOC (3) Base, in Mogaung Township.

On September 8, 2023, at 1345 hours, six mortar rounds were indiscriminately fired from Namma Artillery Unit (367) Base that two shells landed in the rubber yard, Nkoi village and four shells landed at the foot of Namma Bum, in Mogaung Township.

On September 11th, 2023, at 2200 hours, a 54-year-old man died at MOC 3 base during a Burma Army interrogation after the Burma Army detained him on September 3rd, 2023 when they destroyed his fuel pump at Hpuchit Kung village. The following day at 1400 hours, the Burma Army troops informed his family about the death, but they did not hand the body over to them, in Mohnyin District.

Mohnyin Township

On August 10, 2023, at 1024 hours, two 120mm mortar rounds were fired from Htan Tapin toward the foot of Munyin Bum, in Mohnyin Township.

On August 10, 2023, at 1024 hours, two 120mm mortar rounds were fired from Burma Army 367th Artillery Unit Base to the area beside Nkoi village, in Mohnyin Township.

On August 11, 2023, at 1800 hours, two 120mm mortar rounds were fired from LIB (388) base to the area beside eastern Hupin, in Mohnyin Township.

On September 5, 2023, at 0015 hours, KIA soldiers from 8th Brigade command an IED detonated at Burma Army troops around Taw Set bridge, near Hupin.

On September 8, 2023, a military jet fighter came from Myitkyina at 1230 hours dropped one bomb at Dawng Gan Bum, KIA 8th Brigade area at 1300 hours, in Mohnyin Township.

On September 12, 2023, at 0935 hours, an estimated 80 Burma Army soldiers led by LIB (111) Commander, Lt. Col. Kyaw Thu Win surrounded and attacked a man’s house, at Na Mawn village. The troops arrested a relative of the man, interrogated him, and beat him.

On September 12, 2023, soldiers led by LIB (111) Commander, Lt. Col. Kyaw Thu Win were moving out of the Na Mawn PTTs Base and were attacked with an IED detonated at the entrance to Shwe Let Pan Sik village by KIA soldiers from 26th Battalion, in Mohnyin Township.

On September 16, 2023, an estimated 60 Burma Army soldiers from LIB (381) traveling in two trucks were attacked by PDF with five remote mines detonated near Nalatan village after, in Mohnyin Township.

Momauk Township

On July 3, 2023, between 0505-0635 hours, fighting broke out when an estimated 120 combined Burma Army soldiers of LIBs (13, 103) arrived at Lai Lum Awng Ja, separating into two columns and headed to Nam San Yang were fired upon by KIA soldiers from 2nd Mobile Brigade along Nam San bridge. At 0923 hours, the fighting continued as a second round. Between 1330-1525 hours, the Burma Army fired sixteen 120mm mortar rounds from Bumre Base to the clash site, Lazing Kawng. Four KIA soldiers were injured in the clash, in Momauk Township.

On July 4, 2023, between 1937-2000 hours, Burma Army soldiers from Bumre Bum Base fired one 120mm mortar round to the area beside Nam San Pa. Another round was fired at 2135 hours, in Momauk Township.

On July 5, 2023, between 0405-1230 hours, IB (13), LIB (103) stationed at Lai Lum Awng Ja fired 81mm mortar rounds which led to an exchange of fire between Burma Army troops and KIA soldiers on the battleground. At 1230 hours, the Burma Army troops who were in the line retreated to their Lai Lum Awng Ja Base, in Momauk Township.

On July 5, 2023, between 0405-1500 hours, the Burma Army fired 22 rounds of 120mm mortar from Bumre Base to the area beside Nam San field, in Momauk Township.

On July 5, 2023, at 0932 hours, IB (236) traveling by foot from Na Lung were attacked between Na Lung and Hkaya by KIA soldiers from 47th Battalion, leaving two Burma Army soldiers injured, in Momauk Township.

On July 5, 2023, at 1936 hours, there was a clash between Burma Army troops came from Hkaya Base and KIA soldiers along Awng Ja yard, in Momauk Township.

On July 6, 2023, at 1500 hours, KIA soldiers encountered Burma Army soldiers coming from Hkaya Base, in Momauk Township.

On July 6, 2023, at 2115 hours, Burma Army soldiers stationed at Wa Wang Udang Kawng Post fired 60mm mortar rounds to the sides of Lungja Bum and Tsing Du, in Momauk Township.

On July 7, 2023, at 1516 hours, there was a clash between IB (236) coming from Hkaya Base and KIA soldiers between Madi Yang and Awng Ja, in Momauk Township.

On July 7, 2023, at 1635 hours, the Burma Army fired two 81mm mortar rounds from Hkang Kai Bum IB (142) Base to the area beside Hka La, in Momauk Township.

On July 7, 2023, at 2045 hours, LIB (103) fired two mortar rounds in the direction of Hkawk Jang terrain, in Momauk Township.

On July 7, 2023, there was a clash between an estimated 90 Burma Army soldiers from LIB (83) under the command of LID (88) coming from Manmaw by foot and by two twelve-wheeled trucks  and KIA soldiers from 19th Battalion at Loi Jaw Kadawng between Num Lang and Daw Hpum Yang, leaving one truck destroyed and Burma Army soldiers wounded or killed, in Momauk Township. The casualties were transported by truck and the other (Burma Army) soldiers on foot arrived at Daw Hpum Yang Base at 1839 hours.

On July 8, 2023, fighting broke out between Dingga village and Loi Mawk village between an estimated 80 Burma Army soldiers of IB (142) under the command of LID (88) who came on foot from Hkang Kai Bum and KIA soldiers from 47th Battalion, leaving one KIA soldiers wounded and many Burma Army soldiers killed or injured, in Momauk Township.

On July 8, 2023, IB (83) came from Hka La and were attacked with an IED by an unidentified group near Loi Mawk Yang village.

On July 9, 2023, at 1158 hours, Burma Army IB (103) approaching Nam San Hka bridge from Lai Lum were attacked with an IED by KIA soldiers, in Momauk Township.

On July 11, 2023, at 1550 hours, two trucks carrying around ten Burma Army soldiers and supplies came from Manmaw (Bhamo) were attacked beyond Num Lang village by KIA soldiers from 25th Battalion, leaving two trucks destroyed, in Momauk Township.

On July 11, 2023, between 1555-1925 hours, three 60mm mortar rounds were fired from Num Lang LIB (438) Base to the area beside Ta Li Hka near Uhtang Yan, in Momauk Township.

On August 1, 2023, between 1225-2400 hours, KIA soldiers fired mortar rounds to the outskirts of Awng Ja and Madi Yang.

On August 1, 2023, between 2045-2050 hours, five 120mm mortar rounds were fired from Hkaya Bum Base and Bumre Bum Base to the area beside Lai Lum, in Momauk Township.

On August 2, 2023, at between 0745-1100 hours, a group of KIA soldiers from 18th battalion clashed Burma Army soldiers in vicinity of Awng Ja village base. The Burma Army fired 60mm mortar rounds against the KIA soldiers, who returned fire with eight 60mm mortar rounds. The fighting left two Burma Army soldiers dead and twelve others wounded, in Momauk Township.

On August 3, 2023, KIA soldiers fired more than ten mortar rounds at Burma Army’s Awng Ja Base and to the area beside Madi Yang. At 2000 hours, the KIA dropped four bombs using a drone on Awng Ja Base, in Momauk Township.

On August 10, 2023, the Burma Army confiscated a Pajero car carrying rice at Namhpa Burma Army Checkpoint, in Momauk Township.

On August 23, 2023, at 1305 hours, six 105mm howitzer rounds were fired from Manmaw 4-Mile Base toward Lungja Bum, in Momauk Township.

On August 29, 2023, at 0103 hours, a Burma military security convoy was attacked with IEDs and guns between Da Sai village and Myo Thit bridge by combined soldiers of KIA 15th, 25th, and 47th Battalions, in Momauk Township.

Around August 29, 2023, at 0710 hours, Burma Army troops patrolling towards Kung Law were attacked with four IEDs, which were detonated by KIA soldiers from 25th Battalion between Nawng Ing and Taw Be, in Momauk Township.

On August 30, 2023, at 0500 hours, fighting broke out when KIA soldiers from 25th Battalion attacked 70 Burma Army soldiers who were coming from Numlang LIB (438) Base with an IED and small arms near Pang Sak, in Momauk Township.

On August 30, 2023, at 1255 hours, two rounds each from each IB (142) and LIB (438) were fired to the outskirts of Tali Hka, Wu Htang Yang. At 1950 hours, a 60mm mortar round was fired from Hkangkai IB (142) Base to the outskirts of Dawhpum Yang, in Momauk Township.

On August 30, 2023, fighting broke out between 1540-1600 hours around Loi Jaw Kadawng when KIA soldiers from 19th Battalion ambushed Burma Army troops coming from Wu Htang Yang, in Momauk Township.

On August 30, 2023, there was a clash between combined KIA soldiers from 19th and 30th Battalions and Burma Army troops along Loijaw Bum Kadawng, leaving seven Burma Army soldiers dead and eight others wounded, in Momauk Township.

On August 30, 2023, in the morning, Burma Army troops operating at Wu Htang Yang slit the throat of a man and tied up and dragged another man. The two were civilians, traveling on a motorcycle from Dawhpum Yang, in Momauk Township.

On August 31, 2023, between 0944-1330 hours, there was a continuous clash around Awng Ja between KIA soldiers from 18th Battalion and combined Burma Army troops from IBs (83, 236), leaving two KIA dead in Momauk Township.

On August 31, 2023, at 1107 hours, two 120mm mortar rounds were fired from Hkangkai IB (142) Base to the area beside KIA 19th Battalion area, in Momauk Township.

On August 31, 2023, between 1137-1139 hours, the Burma Army fired two 120mm mortar rounds from Bumre Base towards Madi Yang, in Momauk Township.

On September 1, 2023, at 1105 hours, six 120mm mortar rounds were fired from Bumre and Hkaya Base toward Madi Yang front line area, in Momauk Township.

On September 4, 2023, between 1055-1130 hours, fighting broke out when KIA soldiers attacked IB (56) arrived between Awng Ja and Madi Yang. Fighting resumed at 1341 hours that Burma Army soldiers backed by eight 81mm mortar rounds from Hkaya Base and Bumre Base, in Momauk Township.

On September 5, 2023, between 0915-0940 hours, fighting broke out when IB (56) approached KIA positions near Madi Yang village, in Momauk Township.

On September 5, 2023, at 1430 hours, Burma Army troops forced the schools from Myo Thit and Kung Law village to close early. At 1515 hours, Burma Army soldiers from Kung Law LIB (387) Base fired a 60mm mortar round and small arms near Myo Thit village bridge at an unspecified target, in Momauk Township.

On September 17, 2023, two military jet fighters came from Myitkyina and dropped one bomb at Lai Lum – Awng Ja at 1016 hours and one bomb at 1022 hours which did not explode, in Momauk Township.

On September 17th, 2023, a military jet fighter came from Myitkyina and fired rockets six times at an unspecified target between 1047-1959 hours on 17th Sep, in Momauk Township.

On September 17th, 2023,one jet fighter came from Myitkyina dropped one bomb along Magwi Bum at 1215 hours, in Momauk Township.

On September 22, 2023, between 1243-1245 hours, Burma Army soldiers positioned at Point 799 fired two 81mm mortar rounds to the area beside Lai Lum Awng Ja front line area where KIA soldiers were present, in Momauk Township.

On September 25, 2023, between 0928-1517 hours, Burma Army soldiers from Hkaya Base fired nine 81mm mortar rounds towards Lai Lum front line area, in Momauk Township.

On September 25, 2023, at 1540 hours, one of three jet fighters came from Myitkyina dropped two bombs  and fired five rockets along Lai Lum and Bum Noi. At 1550 hours, one jet fighter dropped two bombs along Awng Ja and Namhsan Hka. At 1600 hours, one jet fighter fired six rockets around Madi Yang, in Momauk Township.

On September 27, 2023, at 0805 hours, one 81mm mortar round was fired from Hkaya Bum Base towards Lai Lum front line area, in Momauk Township. Between 0808-0809 hours, three 81mm mortar rounds were fired again.

On September 27, 2023, at 0927 hours, Burma Army soldiers from Hkaya Bum Base fired two 81mm mortar rounds to the area beside Tsinyu Bum where KIA soldiers were positioned. At 0935 hours, one 81mm mortar round was fired again, in Momauk Township.

On September 27, 2023, one jet military fighter came from Myitkyina dropped two bombs around Magwi Baw Bum at 1600 hours; fired four rockets around Lai Lum Bum, in Momauk Township.

Myitkyinia Township

On August 10, 2023, at 1300 hours, Mr. Min Zaw (aged 51) and Daw Than Myaing (both from Aung Mingalar, Sin Bo village) were arrested in suspicious connection with PDF by around ten soldiers from IB (141), in Myitkyina Township.

Shwegu Township

On July 4, 2023, between 1900-2030 hours, combined forces of IB (56) and LIB (602) set fire to Bo Kung village, in Shwegu Township.

On July 4, 2023, between 1900-2030 hours, combined forces of IB (56) and LIB (602) set fire to Chawng Wa village, in Shwegu Township.

On July 4, 2023, between 1900-2030 hours, combined forces of IB (56) and LIB (602) set fire to Hting Ga village, in Shwegu Township.

On July 4, 2023, between 1937-2000 hours, LIB (602) and IB (56) fired 60mm mortar and 81mm mortar from Bo Kung village to the outskirts of Paw Law village, in Shwegu Township.

On July 6, 2023, over 80 combined Burma Army soldiers of IBs (77, 83) heading to We Ma from Shwegu on three big engine-boats were attacked with three rounds of grenade launcher near Chyun Daw at 1020 hours by KIA soldiers, leaving one boat destroyed.

On July 6, 2023, at 1100 hours, KIA soldiers dropped two bombs from a drone at over 30 Burma Army soldiers of IB (56) setting up security along Ngabat Wa monastery.

On July 6, 2023, two engine-boats carrying more than 70 Burma Army soldiers under LID (88) came through Mali Hka waterway from Shwegu; one of these was attacked with grenade launchers and small arms at 1210 hours by KIA soldiers from 12th Battalion, in Shwegu Township. The engine boat was partially destroyed and continued towards Manmaw.

On July 9, 2023, at 1400 hours, Myo La KPDF encountered more than 50 Burma Army soldiers of an unknown unit arrived near Tin Boi village, in Shwegu Township.

On July 9, 2023, fighting erupted when more than 70 Burma Army soldiers from IB (77) under LID (88) on two engine-boats heading to Manmaw (Bhamo) from Shwegu were attacked along Zin Bung by KIA soldiers from 12th Battalion in Shwegu Township. The Burma Army troops arrived at Nyaung Pin Yat boat dock near Manmaw at 1015 hours.

On July 11, 2023, at 1500 hours, KPDF dropped two bombs from a drone at Shwegu Police Base , leaving two (Burma Army) dead and three others injured, in Shwegu Township.

On 21 July 2023, 0830 hours, five mixed battalions under Burma Army LID 88 burned down houses in Moe Sit village, in Shwegu Township.

On 22 July 2023, five mixed battalions under Burma Army LID 88 burned down Indinyent village, in Shwegu Township.

On August 8, 2023, around 0900 hours, an estimated 40 Burma Army soldiers from IB (56) base came by two engine-boats and arrested many villagers from Shwegu Le village. Most villagers were released at 1400 hours, but some were still being held as route guides, in Shwegu Township.

On August 8, 2023, around 0900 hours, an estimated 40 Burma Army soldiers from IB (56) base came by two engine-boats and arrested up to 30 villagers from Shwe Bung Ta village. Most villagers were released at 1400 hours, but some were still being held as route guides, in Shwegu Township.

On August 10, 2023, over 50 combined Burma Army troops from IB (121) and LIB (319) came on foot from Mi Twi Chaung village and stepped on two landmines planted by KIA soldiers from 12th Battalion. The troops reacted by firing 60mm mortar rounds and MG-42 machine guns in all directions.

On August 11, 2023, between 1910-2030 hours, Burma Army troops arrived along We Hku village fired six rounds of 81mm mortar from Ngabat Gyi Outpost to the area around Lahta Lam-4 Mazup (the road of four-intersections).

On August 16, 2023, at 0700 hours, Burma Army’s nine ships carrying arms, supplies and over 200 soldiers came from Shwegu Ship Dock were attacked along Chyauk Chyu by KPDF from 12th Battalion, in Shwegu Township.

On August 16, 2023, at 0955 hours, nine Burma Army ships were attacked with five 107mm rockets near Nawng Mu village by KPDF from 5th Battalion.

On August 16, 2023, between 1105-1110 hours, KPDF from 5th Battalion dropped two bombs from a drone on Shwegu Police Base, leaving two dead.

On August 16, 2023, at 1220 hours, Burma Army’s nine ships carrying arms, supplies and over 200 soldiers came from Shwegu Ship Dock were attacked from over 100 metres distance near Zin Bung by KPDF from 12th Battalion, in Shwegu Township.

On August 16, 2023, KIA soldiers detonated a remote mine against around 80 Burma Army soldiers who were positioned between Zin Bung and We Ma, near Zin Bung monastery, after the Burma Army soldiers stepped on a landmine.

On August 17, 2023, at 0500 hours, an estimated 50 combined Burma Army soldiers out of 80 from IBs (121, 77) and LIB (319) set fire to the houses of 23 households at Zin Bung village, in Shwegu Township.

On August 17, 2023, an estimated 50 combined Burma Army soldiers out of 80 from IBs (121, 77) and LIB (319) were moving towards Sin Hkan, and were attacked with an IED, detonating near the Forestry Office, at Zin Bung village by KIA soldiers from 12th Battalion, in Shwegu Township.

On August 29, 2023, between 1230-1330 hours, fighting broke out when over 80 combined Burma Army soldiers from IB (276) and LIB (348) came from Si Bing village appeared at Ye Kyaw where combined KIA troops were present, leaving six Burma Army soldiers dead and ten others wounded, in Shwegu Township.

On September 1, 2023, between 0300-0830 hours, fighting broke out when KIA soldiers from 5th Battalion attacked combined forces of IBs (10, 77), LIB (416) and Police stationed at Chyauk Ji Police Base, in Shwegu Township. A military jet fighter came from Myitkyina and dropped two bombs at the clash site at 0750 hours. Between 0800-0900 hours, a military helicopter circled and strafed three rounds.

On September 12, 2023, between 1500-1615 hours, there was a clash between AA soldiers and an estimated 120 combined Burma Army soldiers of IBs (223, 276), LIB (348) at Nan Nyoi Hkat Chaung, outskirts of Si Bing village, in Shwegu Township.

On September 18, 2023, at 0830 hours, Pyu Saw Htee (the militia for the Burma Army), fired at gold mining boats working near Ye Lay village and Mali Hka river and set them on fire, in Shwegu Township.

On September 20, 2023, at 1320 hours, six 120mm mortar rounds were fired from IB (47) Base to the area beside Let Padan, in Shwegu Township.

Tanai Township

On July 3, 2023, at 2000 hours, PTTs forces stationed at RCM Worship Hill, Jahtu Zup village fired three rounds of 60mm mortar to the outskirts of Jahtu Hkahku, in Tanai Township.

On July 8, 2023, between 0440-0929 hours, KIA soldiers from 14th Battalion raided two Jahtu Zup PTTs outposts. The fighting resulted in PTT forces killed or injured, four KIA soldiers killed and one wounded, and one civilian killed and five injured, in Tanai Township.

On August 29, 2023, at 1145 hours, Burma Army soldiers took a 46-year-old-man residing between 7-Mile and 8-Mile and the soldiers headed to Nam Yung Pa, in Tanai Township.

On September 9, 2023, between 0550-0610 hours, three Burma Army soldiers from LIB (390) guarding the bridge, at the head of Namhpyek village were attacked by KIA’s militiamen, leaving three (Burma Army) soldiers dead, in Tanai Township.

Waingmaw Township

On July 1, 2023, at 0600 hours, combined forces of IB (37), LIB (384) and Shwe Min PTTs advanced towards Lagat Post, fired mortar rounds at the post, and dropped bombs from drones. KIA soldiers returned with 60mm mortar rounds. Between 0900-1130 hours, heavy fighting broke out between KIA soldiers and combined forces of Burma Army, PTTs in Waingmaw Township.

On July 1, 2023, at 1230 hours, KIA soldiers fired five rounds of grenade launcher at Wu Yan Shwe Min PTTs Base; the Burma Army troops returned with grenade launcher rounds and MG-42, in Waingmaw Township.

On July 1, 2023, between 1610-1615 hours, two jet fighters came from Myitkyina dropped four bombs along KIA Laga Kawng Post, in Waingmaw Township.

On July 2, 2023, between 1400-1500 hours, Burma Army troops clashed with KIA soldiers who have been operating around Burma Army Bum Tawng Base.

On July 2, 2023, between 1430-1445 hours, KIA soldiers fired RPG and M-79 at the Burma Army Bum Tawng Base.

On July 3, 2023, between 1530-1630 hours, fighting broke out when KIA soldiers from 3rd Battalion opened fire on an offensive of an estimated 30 Burma Army soldiers near Wu Ra Yang, in Waingmaw Township.

On July 3, 2023, due to clashes between Burma Army and KIA in Nam San Yang, 69 families of 258 people took shelter in a local Waingmaw church, 13 families of 53 people took shelter in a Mung Na church, and 38 families of 157 people fled to Laiza, while 161 families of 953 people remained at Nam San Yang, in Momauk Township.

On July 4, 2023, between 0200-0300 hours, Burma Army soldiers stationed at Bum Tawng fired ten rounds of mortar at KIA Lagat Kawng Post, in Waingmaw Township.

On July 4, 2023, at 0710 hours, KIA soldiers from 3rd Battalion clashed with combined forces IB (37), LIBs (384, 387) and Shwe Min PTTs, leaving four KIA soldiers slightly wounded.

On July 4, 2023, at 0840 hours, combined forces of Burma Army stationed at Lai Lum Awng Ja fired an 81mm mortar round around Nam San Yang frontline area, prompting an exchange of fire of MG-42, M-79 and grenade launchers from both sides of the Nam San Yang stream. The fighting paused around 1200 hours. Between 1200-1330 hours, fourteen rounds of 60mm mortar, 120mm mortar and 105mm howitzer were fired from Bumre Base to the area beside Lazing Kawng, Nam San field in an area of KIA control, in Waingmaw and Momauk Townships.

On July 5, 2023, between 1410-1945 hours, fourteen rounds of 105mm howitzer, 120mm mortar were fired from Bumre Base to the sides of Maisak Pa and Namhsan Yang, in Waingmaw Township.

On July 6, 2023, at 1755 hours, KIA soldiers shot at two Burma Army soldiers walking 100 meters from Nam San Hka bridge, leaving one dead, in Waingmaw Township.

On July 8, 2023, at 2035 hours, a jet fighter dropped one bomb at the frontline area near Nam San Yang, in Waingmaw Township.

On July 9, 2023, between 1313-1314 hours, the Burma Army fired three 105mm howitzer rounds from Hkang Kai Bum IB (142) Base to the sides of Maisak Pa and Munglai Hkyet, in an area of KIA control, in Waingmaw Township.

On July 9, 2023, at 2359 hours, the Burma Army fired six mortar/artillery rounds from Hkaya Bum, Bumre Bum and Hpunpyen Bum to the sides of Nam San Yang front line area, in Waingmaw Township.

On July 10, 2023, between 0000-0005 hours, Burma Army soldiers stationed at Na Hpaw fired three mortar/artillery rounds to the outskirts of Jan Mai and Masum Zup, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 1, 2023, at 0055 hours, an estimated 20 forces from Shwe Min PTTs stationed at Awng Mye Thit bridge detained three civilians, including a school teacher, from Awng Mye (2) village on suspicion of helping the KIA. The Shwe Min PTTs beat the civilians and sent them to Myitkyina. The school teacher was later released.

On August 1, 2023, between 1130-1139 hours, four 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Burma Army Gangdau Yang Base to the area beside Ja Hta front line area, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 1, 2023, between 2120-2200 hours, ten 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Hkaya Bum Base, in Momauk Township to the Nam San frontline area, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 2, 2023, between 1131-1200 hours, five 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Burma Army s Gangdau Yang Base to the area beside Nhkrut Ruber Outpost; between 1840-1900 hours, two 81mm mortar rounds were fired again from Gangdau Yang Base and one 120mm mortar round was fired from Kagam Base.

On August 3, 2023, between 0630-1100 hours, KIA soldiers from 253rd Mobile Battalion raided Mali Yang Police Base where Burma Army troops were stationed, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 3, 2023, between 0730-1100 hours, five 120mm mortar rounds and two 105mm howitzer rounds were fired to the sides of Nhkram and Kagam, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 3, 2023, between 0730-1100 hours, ten 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Gangdau Yang Base to the area beside Mali Yang, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 3, 2023, at 1705 hours, KIA soldiers attacked Sinbo IB (141) Base, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 3, 2023, between 2025-2045 hours, LIB (601) stationed at Bumre Base and Hkaya Base (in Momauk Township) fired three mortar rounds to the Nam San frontline area, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 4, 2023, between 1122-1128 hours, two jet fighters came from Tada Oo dropped two bombs at KIA Nhkrut Rubber Post and Hka Mut Post in the Ja Hta frontline area. The bombings damaged the 66KV power grid line of the N81 Station transferred from Mali Hka power station to Waingmaw-Myitkyina, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 5, 2023, at between 1545-1605 hours, the Burma Army fired twelve rounds of 81mm mortar from Katsu Base to the area beside Ja Pu crossroad, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 7, 2023, at 0708 hours, the Burma Army fired one 81mm mortar round from Lai Lum, Awng Ja Base to the Nam San Yang front line area, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 7, 2023, between 1339-1348 hours, Burma Army soldiers stationed at Nhkram, Wa Byen Bum fired three 105mm howitzer rounds toward KIA Rubber Post, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 9, 2023, between 0600-0815 hours, four rounds of 81mm mortar were fired again (to the area beside Nam San Yang front line area).

On August 11, 2023, at 1000 hours, LIB (321) arrested a man from Gara Yang village who was transporting 30 sacks of rice on a three-wheeled cycle from Waingmaw. The rice was donated by Yangon Youth for ten IDP households from Nam San Yang village displaced at Katsu village, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 11, 2023, between 1030-1035 hours, four 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Burma Army Katsu Base toward Sama crossroad, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 12, 2023, at 0830 hours, two 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Burma Army Katsu Base to the area beside Sama crossroad, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 21, 2023, Shwe Min PTTs forces arrested a 49-year-old man from Quarter (4), Ja Lagat Yang village, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 30, 2023, between 0950-1130 hours, the Burma Army fired eight 81mm mortar rounds from Hkaya and Bumre towards Nam San Yang front line area, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 30, 2023, between 1400-1530 hours, fighting broke out when an estimated 80 combined Burma Army soldiers from IB (37) and LIB (387) heading to Ja Pu from Sama crossroads were attacked with IEDs first and then other weapons by combined forces of KIA and AA, in Waingmaw Township.

On August 31, 2023, two Burma Army helicopters came from Myitkyina dropped food rations at Kagam Base at 0945 hours. The helicopters strafed three rockets and machine gun around Sama crossroads, in Waingmaw Township at 0953 hours, and returned to Myitkyina at 1000 hours.

On August 31, 2023, two jet fighters came from Myitkyina dropped three bombs around Madi Yang frontline area between 1420-1433 hours and dropped two bombs around Madi Yang at 1428 hours, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 1, 2023, between 1335-1730 hours, eleven 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Burma Army’s Katsu Base to the outskirts of Ja Pu, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 2, 2023, at 1430 hours, one 105mm howitzer round was fired from Kagam Base towards Ja Pu – Sama crossroads, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 3, 2023, at 0700 hours, Burma Army soldiers fired mortar rounds from Kagam Bum and Dabak village toward KIA outpost of 254th Mobile Battalion. The KIA responded with 60mm mortars and grenade launchers at another Burma Army position, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 5, 2023, at 1622 hours, one military jet fighter came from Myitkyina dropped one bomb around Ja Pu, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 16, 2023, between 0928-1434 hours, fighting broke out when combined forces of KIA and AA defended an advance of Burma Army troops, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 16, 2023, between 2018-2205 hours, fighting broke out when KIA soldiers defended an advance of Burma Army troops, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 20, 2023, at 0725 hours, fighting broke out when KIA soldiers from 22nd Battalion attacked Daru Yang Post where Burma Army soldiers from IB (58) were stationed, leaving 14 Burma Army soldiers (including a captain) dead and four others ran away. At 1216 hours, KIA soldiers seized the post and captured two Burma Army soldiers. Two KIA soldiers also died in the clash.

On September 20, 2023, at 0740 hours, a Burma Army truck came from Katsu was attacked around the head of Bak Nan Yang village by KIA soldiers from 254th Mobile Battalion, leaving the truck destroyed.

On September 20, 2023, at 1740 hours, Burma Army soldiers fired eleven 81mm mortar rounds from Dabak, Katsu and two 60mm mortar rounds from Rubber Sun Kawng (Rubber yard) towards KIA positions. Later, four 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Katsu Base to the area beside Sama crossroads, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 21, 2023, at 1400 hours, the Burma Army fired six 120mm mortar rounds from Kagam Bum near an area close to Ma Lan Yang village, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 23, 2023, between 0925-1015 hours, eight 60mm mortar rounds were fired from Katsu Base towards KIA positions; Burma Army soldiers stationed at fired two 60mm mortar rounds, grenade launcher rounds, RPG and small arms towards KIA positions, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 24, 2023, between 1405-1411 hours, the military fired four 120mm mortar rounds from Hkaya Bum Base to the area beside Maisak Pa, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 25, 2023, at 0708 hours, Burma Army soldiers from Bumre Base fired two 120mm mortar rounds to the area beside Maga Bum Post; at 0740 hours, one round towards Langta Bum front line area, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 25, 2023, at 1230 hours, fighting broke out when Burma Army soldiers reached an area where KIA soldiers from 254th Mobile Battalion were patrolling. At 1300 hours, Burma Army soldiers dropped six bombs from a drone at KIA soldiers. The Burma Army troops fired mortar rounds to the sides of Bak Nan Yang and Sama crossroads, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 25, 2023, between 1320-1325 hours, Burma Army soldiers from Kagam Base fired two 120mm mortar rounds towards Ja Pu front line area, in Waingmaw Township. At 1913 hours, one round was fired again.

Between 1527-1636 hours, Burma Army soldiers from Bumre Base fired three 120mm mortar rounds towards Nam San Yang, in Waingmaw Township.

On September 27, 2023, between 0939-0942 hours, Burma Army soldiers from Bumre Base fired two 120mm mortar rounds towards Namhsan Yang, Loi Lum front line area. Between 0954-0946 hours, two 81mm mortar rounds were fired; between 1454-1402 hours, two 81mm mortar rounds were fired.

On September 27, 2023, eight IDPs taking refuge in the Sama KBC Church Compound were taken by Shwe Min PTTs and used as route guides around Dabak and Sama, in Waingmaw Township. The arrested were released after church pastors and village ministers came to speak on their behalf.

Northern Shan State

Hseni Township

On August 19, 2023, at 1530 hours, an estimated 30 Burma Army soldiers from IB (241) and 15 Kutkai PTTs on the way back from a patrol along Sut Chyai Maza Kawng road were attacked with a remote mine by TNLA 335th Battalion, leaving two Burma Army soldiers dead, in Hseni Township.

On September 17, 2023, between 1620-1700 hours, approximately 50 Burma Army soldiers from IB (69) advanced towards where KIA soldiers from 2nd Battalion fighting broke out in the rubber yard near Hu Nawng were present, Hseni Township.

Kutkai Township

On July 7, 2023, at 1308 hours, Kutkai IB (241) fired on 120mm mortar round from Nawng Swi and one round at 1310 hours near a stone quarry, in Kutkai Township.

On July 7, 2023, at 1320 hours, Burma Army soldiers stationed at Shuhkin Ta (47Q LG 875 044) fired one 81mm mortar round to the area beside Man Lung crossroad (47Q LF 889 009), in Mongyai Township.

On July 8, 2023, between 1012-1025 hours, there was a clash between an estimated 60 Burma Army soldiers under LID (99) coming on foot from Man Ping and KIA soldiers from 29th Battalion between Kutkai and Man Ping.

On July 8, 2023, Burma Army soldiers stationed at Shuhkin Ta fired one 81mm mortar round at 1545 hours, and one round at 1549 hours to the area beside Man Lung crossroad, in Kutkai Township.

On July 9, 2023, between 1026-1037 hours, fighting broke out when an estimated 40 Burma Army soldiers under LID (99) came from Kutkai were attacked at Namba Chi Tower Station Hill by KIA soldiers from 9th Battalion, in Kutkai Township.

On July 9, 2023, at 1838 hours, three mortar rounds were fired from Namhpakka IB (123) Base that one shell landed around Kawng Sak Bum, another landed near Na Hpai village, and the other landed at Hpai village, injuring a woman with shrapnel, in Kutkai Township.

On July 11, 2023, at 1549 hours, ten military trucks carrying an estimated 60 Burma Army soldiers under the command of LID (99) came from Kutkai Byuha picked up around 100 Burma Army soldiers arrived at Nawng Swi village. As continuing to move, the trucks were attacked between Hpahkip village and Nam Hpalun Bum by KIA soldiers from 9th Battalion, leaving Burma Army soldiers injured or killed and two trucks destroyed. The casualties were taken to Kutkai Byuha Base. At 1750 hours, the rest of the Burma Army troops arrived at Namhkai Hka bridge. At 1900 hours, these trucks entered their Namhpakka IB (123) Base, in Kutkai Township.

On August 3, 2023, between 1828-1838 hours, three 105mm howitzer rounds were fired from Namhpakka IB (123) Base to the area beside Nam Um village, in Kutkai Township.

On August 5, 2023, between 1330-1333 hours, the Burma Army fired two rounds of 105 mm howitzer the outskirts of Kawng Sak Bum from Namhpakka IB (123) Base. At 1709 hours the Burma Army fired four rounds of mortars to Sin Lung monastery from the IB 123 base, in Kutkai Township.

On August 5, 2023, between 1630-1633 hours, the Burma Army fired two rounds of 120mm mortar rounds from Amatthaya Kung IB (241) Base (Kutkai Tactical Base) to the outskirts of Nawng Swi, in Kutkai Township.

On August 6, 2023, at 0505 hours, IB (45) stationed at Nam Hpalun Pa village fired one 60mm mortar round that the shell landed at a civilian’s house, at Nam Hpalun village, Kutkai Township.

On August 6, 2023, at 1117 hours, the Burma Army fired one 120mm mortar shell from Kutkai Tactical Base which landed at Nlung Bum near Pang Gu village.

On August 15, 2023, between 1515-1530 hours, KIA soldiers from 8th Battalion clashed with an estimated 50 Burma Army soldiers under LID (99) near Kawng Hkam village. The LID (99) soldiers were heading on foot to Nga Rem Dabang (cattle farming field) from Man Ping, in Kutkai Township.

On August 17, 2023, at 1330 hours, one 105mm howitzer round was fired from Namhpakka IB (123) Base to the area beside Mung Yu, in Kutkai Township.

On August 17, 2023, at 1512 hours, Burma Army troops under LID (99) arrived at Yung Ngaw Post (deserted outpost) were fired upon with four rounds of grenade launcher near Yung Ngaw village by KIA soldiers from 8th Battalion.

On August 19, 2023, around 1520 hours, two 120mm mortar rounds were fired from IB (241) Ninsi Kung Base to the area beside Pat Talar Taung near Nawng Swe, in Kutkai Township.

On August 21, 2023, between 0949-1012 hours, three rounds of 120mm mortar were fired from Kutkai Byuha Base to the area beside Loi Kang, in Kutkai Township.

On August 21, 2023, at 1012 hours, one round of 105mm howitzer was fired from IB (241) Ninsi Kung Base to the area beside Marau Kawng between Maw Htik and Man Htan, in Kutkai Township.

On August 25, 2023, between 1735-1816, 130 Burma Army soldiers in 24 trucks under the command of LID (99) headed to Kutkai from Namhpakka and were attacked at Man Lung crossroads with an RPG and grenade launchers by KIA soldiers from 8th Battalion.

On August 25, 2023, 130 Burma Army soldiers in 24 trucks under the command of LID was attacked with an IED detonating near Nawng Swi village. Around 1900, the Burma Army fired one 120mm mortar round from Kutkai Byuha Base toward Nawng Swi, in Kutkai Township.

On August 28, 2023, between 0856-1232 hours, eleven rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from Namhpakka IB (123) Base to the area beside Je Lan, in Kutkai Township.

On August 29, 2023, at 1455 hours, two 60mm mortar rounds were fired from IB (123) base at TNLA troops, which landed at the house of a pastor, injuring a 40-year-old male civilian below the ankle. Another shell landed at a businessman’s charcoal store, in Kutkai Township.

On August 29, 2023, at 1605 hours, one 60mm mortar round was fired from IB (123) Base and landed on a civilian man’s property, leaving seven chickens and a dog dead, in Kutkai Township.

On August 30, 2023, TNLA soldiers from 1st Brigade fired at IB (123) Base where mortar/artillery were installed, in Kutkai Township. Between 1030-1100 hours, four rounds were fired from IB (123) Base. One shell landed near Namhpakka Quarter (1) Market, seriously injuring a 19-year-old boy. Another shell landed near Chinese Learning School, wounding a 13-year-old girl. The last shell landed at Hubung Quarter (4), killing a 15-year-old girl and slightly wounding a 13-year-old boy.

On September 1, 2023, between 0810-1005 hours, fourteen rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from Namhpakka IB (123) Base to the area beside Bak Noi Bum; seven rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired to the area beside Kawng Mu Bum between 1350-1613 hours, in Kutkai Township.

On September 1, 2023, at 1415 hours, one 81mm mortar rounds fired from IB (123) Base that landed in the street of Namhpakka Zi Dabang, leaving two men dead. Two women were wounded and underwent treatment in the Kutkai hospital.

On September 1, 2023, between 1656-1800 hours, fighting broke out between TNLA soldiers and an estimated 60 combined forces of IB (241) and PTTs who arrived at Man Nyu and, in Kutkai Township.

On September 3, 2023, an estimated 40 Burma Army soldiers from LIB (367) operating at Bang Lum fired five mortar rounds to the outskirts of Nam Tawng where MNDAA soldiers were present.

On September 4, 2023, between 0905-0916 hours, two 105mm howitzer rounds were fired from Amat Taya Kung IB (241) Base to the outskirts of Man Lung. Between 1220-1230 hours, three 81mm mortar rounds were fired from Shuhkin Ta another time to the Man Lung village area, in Kutkai Township.

On September 5, 2023, between 2155-2238 hours, seven 60mm mortar rounds were fired from Burma Army Namhkai Hka bridge to the side Man Loi; six rounds to the area beside Mung Yu.

On September 6, 2023, at 1349 hours, TNLA soldiers fired small arms from Loi Gung at Namhpakka IB (123) Base. Burma Army soldiers returned with 8 60mm mortar rounds and 8 81mm mortar rounds until 1500 hours. A shell landed near a pig house in the yard of Mr. Maung Thein, killing four pigs, in Kutkai Township.

On September 6, 2023, between 1613-1632 hours, five rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from IB (123) Base to the area beside Hu Mung, in Kutkai Township.

On September 6, 2023, between 2135-2359 hours, KIA soldiers from 8th Battalion fired grenade launchers at Burma Army soldiers stationed at Namhkai bridge that the Burma Army soldiers returned with small arms and nine 60mm mortar rounds towards Mung Yu, in Kutkai Township.

On September 11, 2023, around 1630 hours, an estimated 30 Burma Army soldiers arrived near Man Ai crossroads tower station and were fired upon with grenade launchers by KIA soldiers from 8th Battalion. Burma Army soldiers returned with ten rounds of 60mm mortar until 1730 hours.

On September 15, 2023, at 1330 hours, 26 trucks carrying Burma Army troops from LID (99) and supplies heading to Kutkai from Sinli were attacked with an IED by an unidentified group near Nga Rem Dabang (cattle farm field), in Kutkai Township.

On September 17, 2023, at 1514 hours, Burma Army troops under MOC (17) were patrolling near Ya Htai Forestry Compound and were attacked with two remote mines by KIA soldiers from 6th Brigade, in Kutkai Township.

On September 25, 2023, between 2222-2300 hours, six rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from Namhpakka IB (123) Base to the area beside Namti Bum, in Kutkai Township.

On September 26, 2023, between 1003-1020 hours, three rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from Namhpakka IB (123) Base towards the head of Loi Pau village in Kutkai Township.

On September 26, 2023, between 2233-2235 hours, two rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from IB (123) Base to the area beside Ngaw Nga, in Kutkai Township.

Lashio Township

On August 28, 2023, a Burma military helicopter from Lashio dropped a bomb on approximately 70 TNLA soldiers from 885th Battalion who arrived at Ta Yau village at 1300 hours, in Lashio Township.

Mabein Township

On July 1, 2023, between 1055-1115 hours, combined forces of KPDF, LDF defended an offensive of over 70 Burma Army soldiers from IB (77) near 115-Mile, in Mabein Township.

On August 29, 2023, a Burma military twelve-wheeled truck of four empty loads came to pick up reinforcements from Nga Oo to Inn Dayan and was damaged by remote mines by an unidentified group near Noi Ni at 1100 hours.

On September 4, 2023, combined forces of ABSDF and AA encountered over 50 Burma Army soldiers from LIB (348) coming from Pin Chying Ywar Thit – between 1440-1520 hours between Pin Chying and Si Bing.

On September 9, 2023, fighting broke out when over 50 Burma Army soldiers from LIB (438) arrived between Si Bing and Loi Hkan Nawng and were attacked by AA soldiers between 1450-1620 hours, in Mabein Township.

Mongmit Township

On August 20, 2023, between 0915-0930 hours, KIA soldiers from 34th Battalion encountered Burma Army soldiers from LIB (348) moving to Myit Sung at 12-Mile between Myit Sung and Mung Myit, in Mongmyit Township.

Muse Township

On July 11, 2023, between 1040-1045 hours, fighting broke out when Burma Army soldiers coming from 105-Mile in a Tung Fung truck fired on TNLA soldiers from 7th Brigade conducting checks and asking money from passing vehicles at the entrance to Nam Tau village in Muse Township, leaving one TNLA soldier dead. Burma Army soldiers fired a mortar round from Lun Hkang Bum at Nam Tau village, landing at the house of a local woman.

On July 24 from 2130 hours, Burma Army soldiers from Infantry Battalion (123) fired mortar rounds towards Nam-um village and Kawng Win village throughout the night, in Muse Township.

On July 25, 2023 at 1330 hours, Light Infantry Battalion 569 (led by Operations Commander Htoo Thant Zin) arrested and tortured two men who were on their way from Dima village to Nam-um village. The Burma Army dressed the men in PTT uniforms, photographed them, and also took their Prado car that the men were using from the Dima KBC church.

On July 25, 2023, Light Infantry Battalions (577, 569, and 241) advanced on Nam-um village while firing mortars into the village and conducting helicopter strafing runs, leaving a market stall destroyed and a 40-year-old Ta’ang man killed by shells. The Burma Army put the victim in a TNLA uniform, photographed him, and buried him.

On 31 July, 2023, the charred bodies of two men reportedly abducted and tortured by the Burma Army were found at the grave of another man killed by Burma Army air strikes, in Muse Township.

On August 2, 2023, at 0650 hours, an estimated 60 Burma Army soldiers from LID (99) came on foot from Mung Hawm Base were attacked with two IEDs detonated between Mung Hawm and Miwa Man Sa village by KIA soldiers, in Muse Township.

On August 2, 2023, between 1100-1530 hours, there was a clash between combined forces of LIB (421), IBs (261, 290), PTTs and TNLA soldiers from 1st Brigade at Ye Te Gawkngu Kawng, Jelan village along Muse-Namhkam road. Between 1130-1440 hours, TNLA soldiers command detonated an IED against the combined forces of Burma Army and PTTs at Lawu Dung Hkan village, which led to fighting at two crossroads of Lawu Dung Hkan and Lahta Dung Hkan Kying San Gyaw, in Muse Township.

On August 2, 2023, at 1215 hours, TNLA soldiers fired two mortar rounds at Burma Army’s 105-Mile Base. Then, mortar rounds were continuously fired from 105-Mile Base to the area beside Ye Te Bum Gawkngu Kawng, in Muse Township.

On August 4, 2023, between 1839-2024 hours, three rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired to the area beside Loi Mawk Bum where TNLA soldiers were present, in Muse Township.

On August 4, 2023, between 1839-2024 hours, the Burma Army fired three rounds of 105mm howitzer to the outskirts of Lungga village, in Muse Township. Over 50 civilian households fled to Dima due to the fighting.

On August 4, 2023, between 2213-2240 hours, nine rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from Burma Army 105-Mile Base to the outskirts of Loi Byek Bum.

On August 5, 2023, between 1816-1823 hours, the Burma Army fired four rounds of 105mm howitzer from 105-Mile Base to the area beside Loi Byek Bum.

On August 28, 2023, between 1157-1527 hours, KIA soldiers from 9th Battalion clashed with an estimated 60 Burma Army soldiers from LID (99) at Lai Hpawng (deserted village), in Muse Township.

On August 29, 2023, between 1028-1134 hours, KIA soldiers from 9th Battalion clashed with Burma Army soldiers under MOC (17) who came from Kawng Mu (deserted village). Between 1500-1520 hours, fighting took place again at Bak Noi Bum that mortar rounds were fired towards the KIA side, backed by the IB (123) Base.

On August 29, 2023, between 1118-1512 hours, fourteen rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from IB (123) Base to the area beside Bak Noi Bum, in Kutkai Township.

On August 29, 2023, at 1549 hours, one military jet fighter came from Tada Oo  and bombed Yete Bum Gawng Ngu Kawng where TNLA soldiers were stationed. Between 1800-1920 hours, TNLA soldiers attacked Je Lan Base.

On August 29, 2023, due to the clashes between Burma Army troops under LID (99) and TNLA soldiers along Jelan school hill, ten households from Kawng Ra village fled to a church by Muse, ten households from Sai Hkau village hid in the church, 300 households from Jelan village fled to Man Kang and Maisak villages, and 400 households fled to Muse.

On August 30, 2023, between 0806-0952 hours, ten rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from Namhpakka IB (123) base to the area beside Bak Noi Bum. Between 1137-1200 hours, there was a clash along Bak Noi Bum, Chya Hkat between an estimated 40 combined forces of MOC (17) and Manje PTTs and KIA soldiers from 9th Battalion. Between 1643-1653 hours, fighting broke out as a second round, in Muse Township.

On August 30, 2023, between 1600-1630 hours, combined TNLA soldiers from 1st Brigade and 7th Brigade simultaneously attacked Aung Min Naing (Myoma PTTs) house and IB (290) Base, near Man Mau village, in Muse Township.

On August 30, 2023, 2000 hours, two military jet fighters came from Tada Oo dropped a bomb at Loi Mawk Bum where TNLA soldiers from 1st Brigade were positioned. At 1444 hours, a bomb was dropped again at Ning Lum Bum, in Muse Township.

On August 31, 2023, between 0908-0916 hours, Burma Army soldiers from 105-Mile fired four rounds of 105mm howitzer to the outskirts of Loi Byek Bum, in Muse Township.

On August 31, 2023, at 1808 hours, the Burma Army fired one 105mm howitzer round from 105-Mile Base which landed at a monastery in Kawng Win village, in Muse Township.

On August 31, 2023, at 1813 hours, the Burma Army fired one howitzer round from 105-Mile Base, which landed near Nam Um village, in Muse Township.

On September 1, 2023, between 0424-0520 hours, TNLA soldiers from 571st Battalion attacked Burma Army’s 105-Mile Base, in Muse Township.

On September 1, 2023, between 1248-1320 hours, fighting broke out when TNLA soldiers from 1st Brigade attacked Burma Army troops under MOC (17) who arrived at Kawng Mu (deserted village).

On September 2, 2023, between 1412-1425 hours, fighting broke out when TNLA troops from 1st and 7th Brigades attacked Burma Army troops under MOC (17) who arrived at Kawng Mu (deserted villag), in Kutkai Township.

On September 4, 2023, at 0730 hours, fighting broke out when an estimated 150 combined Burma Army soldiers of LID (99) and MOC (17) advanced on Bak Noi Bum where KIA soldiers from 9th Battalion were stationed. KIA soldiers left the post at 0800 hours, in Muse Township.

On September 6, 2023, five Ta Munye PTTs riding in a vigo car came from Sun Lung village were attacked between Dalung village and Maw Tawng village at 0830 hours by TNLA soldiers, leaving two PTTs dead.

On September 17, 2023, at 0750 hours, TNLA soldiers clashed with an estimated 120 Burma Army soldiers under the command of LID (99) between Hu Paw and Nam Sim Bum, in Muse Township.

On September 17, 2023, between 0830-1200 hours, TNLA soldiers from 112th Battalion clashed with an estimated 300 combined forces of Burma Army and PTTs at Nam Sim Bum and Namgat Bum, leaving four Burma Army soldiers and two PTTs dead and three PTTs wounded, in Muse Township.

On September 19, 2023, at 0920 hours, Burma Army soldiers from MOC (17) clashed with TNLA soldiers from 1st Brigade at Kawng Mu (deserted village), in Muse Township, Shan State.

On September 19, 2023, between 1850-1855 hours, fighting broke out when TNLA soldiers attacked Burma Army 105-Mile Base, in Muse Township.

On September 23, 2023, between 1500-1600 hours, Burma Army soldiers from MOC (17) stationed at Ning Lum Bum fired 60mm mortar rounds and dropped bombs at Kawng Mu (deserted village) where TNLA soldiers from 1st and 7th Brigades were stationed, in Muse Township.

On September 26, 2023, between 1003-1020 hours, three rounds of 105mm howitzer were fired from Namhpakka IB (123) Base three rounds were fired toward Kawng Mu (deserted village), in Muse Township.

On September 27, 2023, between 1230-1247 hours, fighting broke out when around 200 combined Burma Army soldiers of MOC (17) and LID 99) stationed at Ning Lum Bum carried out an offensive toward Kawng Mu mountain (deserted village) where combined TNLA soldiers from 1st, 5th and 7th Battalions were stationed. Burma Army soldiers dropped five bombs from a drone at TNLA troops. Three TNLA soldiers were wounded in the clash, in Muse Township.

On September 27, 2023, seven trucks carrying around 120 Burma Army soldiers from LID (99) came from Munggu were attacked near Dunghkan, Kying San Gyaw crossroads by TNLA soldiers, leaving one battalion commander dead and another civilian woman passing by was injured, in Muse Township.

Namhkan Township

On August 17, 2023, between 1612-1615 hours, a military truck and a 3-G truck carrying around 30 Burma Army soldiers from LIB (324) were attacked with five remote mines and two rounds of grenade launder at Byu Mung Hkyet between Mung Dat and Mung Sing by KPDF forces, leaving around eight soldiers dead and four others wounded. The Burma Army soldiers reacted by firing all kinds of small arms in all directions.

Sagaing Division

Indaw Township

On August 3, 2023, at 2230 hours, SNA (PTTs) fired six 60mm mortar rounds from Burma Army’s Pan Che Outpost to the area beside KIA Namkada Outpost; at 2235 hours, KIA soldiers returned with five 60mm mortar rounds, in Indaw Township.

On September 14, 2023, at 0940 hours, an estimated 60 Burma Army soldiers came from Mamung Kai cemetery were attacked with two IEDs by KIA soldiers from 26th Battalion, leaving three wounded, in Indaw Township.

On September 18, 2023, at 1330 hours, an estimated 70 Burma Army soldiers under LID (88) heading to Indaw were attacked at multiple road intersections, Naba village by KIA soldiers from 35th Battalion, in Indaw Township.

Katha Township

On July 4, 2023, between 1937-2000 hours, LIB (602) and IB (56) fired 60mm mortar and 81mm mortar from Bo Kung village to the outskirts of Htun Yee village, in Katha Township.

Between July 30 and August 2, 2023, over 50 Burma Army soldiers from IBs (77, 121) arrived at Chyauk Htung Gyi village and set fire to 46 houses, in Katha Township.

Between, July 30 and August 3, 2023, the Burma Army burned 15 houses from In DaYan village. The villagers hid in the jungle and the rice fields.

Between, July 30 and August 3, 2023, the Burma Army burned 15 houses from Yawa Ta Ya village.

On August 2, 2023, at 1825 hours, IBs (77, 121) set fire to Chyauk Htung Gyi village, in the east of Katha village, in Shwegu Township.

Around August 27, 2023, an estimated 60 combined Burma Army soldiers from IBs (77, 121) set fire to Dawn Awt village, in Katha Township.

Around August 27, 2023, an estimated 60 combined Burma Army soldiers from IBs (77, 121) set fire to Inn Dayan village village, in Katha Township.

On August 29, 2023, at 0525 hours, fighting broke out when an estimated group of 60 Burma Army soldiers from IBs (77, 121) arrived at Inn Dayan village and were attacked by combined forces of PDF and KIA 12th Battalion, in Katha Township.

On September 17, 2023, at 0620 hours, one of six ships carrying food ration, arms and ammo and an estimated 80 Burma Army soldiers left from Katha. At 1500 hours, the ship was fired upon with a 107mm rocket between Chaung Wa and Sin Kung Tai in Katha Township, by KIA soldiers, hitting the head of the ship and destroying it.

On September 17, 2023, at 1130 hours, Burma Army troops, who were providing security for six ships, set fire approximately 90 houses in Tuk Gyi village, in Katha Township.

Mandalay Division

Mogoke Township

On July 5, 2023, between 1930-1950 hours, an estimated 20 Burma Army soldiers from IB (148) stationed at Muguk Ban Mun monastery were attacked with small arms and grenade launcher rounds by KIA soldiers from 34th Battalion, in Mogoke Township.

On September 17, 2023, at 1510 hours, one military jet fighter came from Tada Oo and fired rockets at Mandalay PDF and TNLA soldiers who gad arrived at Lahta Nyawng Kung, Mogoke Township.

Homalin Township

On August 10, 2023, at 1730 hours, KIA soldiers from 26th Battalion encountered an estimated 50 SNA PTTs forces between Nam Kada and Pan Che, in Homalin Township.

On August 11, 2023, 0000-0530, combined forces of KPDF and KIA from 26th Battalion clashed with an estimated 60 SNA forces from 972nd Brigade between Nam Kada village and Pan Che village, leaving one KPDF and four SNA forces dead, while leaving three SNA others wounded, in Homalin Township.

On August 11, 2023, at 0530 hours, there was a clash between KIA soldiers from 26th Battalion and an estimated 50 SNA PTTs. During the clashes, two jet fighters came from Myitkyina dropped two bombs at 1653 hours, two bombs at 1700 hours, two bombs at 1704 hours, and two bombs at 1709 hours, in Homalin Township.

On September 4, 2023, at 1500 hours, SNA came to U Maung at Tha Htan Kung village and called Ko Aik Po (son of U Maung, aged 25) to take him as a recruit. But when he did not accept their demand, the SNA shot him to death, in Homalin Township.

Thanks and God Bless,

Free Burma Rangers


Original post.