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Coup Watch September 2022: All-Out War Begins in Rakhine State as Regime Loses Grip on Burma

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Key Summary Points:

  • As of 23 Sep, there had been at least 15,631 armed clashes and attacks, resulting in the displacement of 1,064,600 people since the coup began. Junta troops continued to slash their way through the country in September, torturing and killing civilians, and torching villages. On 16 Sep, a regime helicopter strike on a school killed 14 people, including 12 children in Sagaing Region.
  • Fighting between junta and AA forces escalated further and spread to Rakhine State’s central townships. The regime used indiscriminate artillery fire against civilian areas, killing at least two children; and blocked the delivery of humanitarian aid to IDPs in six townships. Several shells landed in neighboring Bangladesh, killing a young Rohingya refugee there.
  • Junta forces have killed at least 2,327 civilians and arrested 15,691 as of 30 Sep. The regime continued to target former officials and NLD members, as well as perceived opponents and their families. A junta court sentenced Aung San Suu Kyi to a further six years in prison, bringing her total sentence to 23 years.
  • The Special Advisory Council for Myanmar reported that the junta and its proxy militias were only in control of 93 of Burma’s 330 townships. It said the regime was unable to govern and was reduced to being an occupying military force in a diminishing amount of territory.
  • The junta was amending the electoral laws to switch to a proportional representation system. The regime replaced the USDP chair with a loyalist ahead of its sham 2023 election, which the NLD pledged to boycott.
  • The regime started targeting international remittances to help replenish its depleted forex reserves and ease inflation. Its erratic policies continued to destroy the economy, push firms out of business, and disrupt production cycles.
  • Junta leader Min Aung Hlaing met with Vladimir Putin in Russia. He vowed to strengthen bilateral cooperation and signed a nuclear cooperation roadmap with the country.
  • Malaysia further hardened its stance against the regime, repeating calls for ASEAN to engage with the NUG, to urgently provide humanitarian assistance to Burma through local CSOs, and to consider replacing the Five-Point Consensus with a new roadmap.

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