Following widespread rejection of the Burma Army’s attempted coup in February 2021, the military junta has been spearheading a campaign to disparage dissent through an unyielding campaign of terror. Unleashed and uncontrolled horrors perpetrated with impunity has isolated and frightened civilian populations. Hundreds of thousands have been displaced, and dozens have been killed by the Regime.
A spirited rejection of the junta has come with targeted attacks against a growing resistance movement across the country. People’s defense forces (PDFs) have been formed and the National Unity Government (NUG) which includes democratically elected Members of Parliament and long-time activists prevailed. Human rights defenders have not been discouraged and continue to exhibit great bravery by continuing to speak out and condemn the junta’s atrocities. In the midst of chaos have been concerted attempts to restore peace and long-time calls by ethnic people for a federal democracy.
The Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) has documented the assaults on fundamental freedoms and the lack of relief civilians experienced in 2021. In target areas of Mon State, Karen State and Tanintharyi region, human rights continue to be blatantly disregarded by the Burma Army. Laws have been systematically changed and reformed in line with the junta’s authoritarian agenda as innocent people are arrested, abducted and killed. Misinformation is being weaponized, alongside a propaganda campaign seeking to delegitimize opposition Forces.
According to HURFOM, between February 7 and 6 December 2021, at least 2,184 civilians were arrested and detained, at least 303 injured and 60 killed. Residents have expressed ongoing fears and anxieties that they or their family members could be the next victim in the junta’s warpath. A social worker from Three Pagodas Pass, Mon State, who communicated frustration over the state of affairs, and specifically in regard to the junta’s lawlessness stated: “It seems they have a license to commit these crimes against us. Gangsters are ruling the country.” The recent developments in Burma are disastrous for its people. The violence has created an unstable environment where hundreds are fleeing persecution and are fearful for what their futures hold.
“Trajectory of Terror,” is a short briefing paper by HURFOM which outlines human rights violations committed in Mon State, Karen State and Tanintharyi region perpetrated by the military junta between the end of February until the end of November 2021.
Download for Full Briefer in English.