February 5, 2021
Members of the UK Atrocity Prevention Working Group and its friends call upon Her Majesty’s Government to act swiftly, comprehensively and with conviction in response to the unjustifiable seizure of power from Myanmar’s fragile democracy.
A robust, coordinated response
Having orchestrated genocide in Rakhine and faced little more than being banned from holidaying in the US, EU and UK, Min Aung Hlaing, head of the Myanmar military, is calculating there will be a similarly weak international response to this coup. It is essential that he is proven wrong.
International coordination is vital and we welcome statements from the government that the United Kingdom will work with international partners to mobilise an international response. This should include targeted sanctions on military owned and controlled companies as recommended by the United Nations Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar, working with international partners to build a coalition of countries imposing arms embargoes against Burma, and support for international justice processes at the International Criminal Court and International Court of Justice.
We support Her Majesty’s Government in its work with partners to bring about such a response.
Leverage prevention capabilities
The UK Atrocity Prevention Working Group exists with the aim to help improve the UK’s prediction and prevention of mass atrocities. We therefore raise serious and urgent concerns of the increased risks ethnic minorities, democracy and human rights activists, and independent journalists in Myanmar now face.
In 2017, in its report on the UK response to the 2017 atrocities in Rakhine, the Foreign Affairs Select Committee was clear that ‘the FCO must now learn lessons on atrocity prevention from the crisis to apply to Burma and elsewhere.’ The government did not. The following year the Committee was stronger still; ‘Everything we have heard as part of this inquiry has strengthened our belief that an atrocity prevention strategy is now more vital than ever. The Government needs to act urgently to produce a comprehensive atrocity prevention strategy and implementation plan to ensure it moves beyond words and towards concrete actions.’
Atrocity risks were already high in Myanmar. Those risks have now worsened.
For us it is clear, unless this gap in UK policy is urgently and meaningfully addressed, the absence of a clear articulate strategy on identity-based violence, genocide and crimes against humanity will once again be to the detriment of Myanmar’s ethnic minority populations.
We urge the Government, once and for all, to acknowledge that its current approach to conflict and instability is not sufficient and special focus must be paid to preventing the very gravest crimes that are, once again, a real risk for minority populations and activists in Myanmar.
Accountability and justice
Until now, the international community has been too slow and too distracted to ensure that those who are most responsible for the crimes committed in Rakhine in 2017 are brought to justice. The alarming events of the past 48 hours bring into the sharp focus the need to join the case against Myanmar at the International Court of Justice and to refer the situation in the country to the International Criminal Court.
We support HMG in calling on Myanmar’s military leaders to
We urge HMG to
At the UN Security Council, we urge the UK to;
We reiterate our offers of support to Her Majesty’s Government during this crucial period for Myanmar and its people. Our channels of communication are always open and hope that in this time of acute concern, civil society expertise will be drawn upon.
Burma Campaign UK
Children on the Edge
European Centre for the
Responsibility to Protect
The Jo Cox Foundation Kachin Relief Fund
Protection Approaches Rights for Peace
The Sri Lanka Campaign
Syria Solidarity UK
United Against Inhumanity
United NationsAssociation – UK